Assessing cultural values and beliefs

Josepha Campinha-Bacote, or her designee. Associates has a policy regarding the unauthorized use of these copyrighted models. One ongoing debate centers around the relationship between cultural competence and cultural humility, a term coined by Melanie Tervalon and Jann Murray-Garcia in

Assessing cultural values and beliefs

The ABCD cultural assessment is outlined below. Click to view PDF of this table. What is their general attitude towards discussion of death and dying? Do they have positive or negative attitudes about particular aspects of care?

Determine if the patient or family has positive or negative attitudes about a particular aspect of care being addressed, such as advance directives. What is important for me to know about your faith or spiritual needs? What is the general decision-making style of the cultural group and specifically of the patient and family?

Is the emphasis on the individual decision-making process or the family decision-making process? What resources and support are available to the patient and family? Identify community resources that may be of assistance to the health care provider and the patient and family, such as translators, health care workers from the same community as the patient, community associations, religious leaders, and healers.

Advance Directives The Patient Self-Determination Act PSDA of Electronic Code of Federal Regulations, requires health care facilities to ask patients if they have an advance directive and if not, requires them to provide patients with information about advance directives.

The intent of the advance directive is to improve end-of-life care. There are two types of advance directives: Although the advance directive is legally valid throughout the United States, each state may have different laws governing advance directives.

In Washington State, the advance directive is used only when life-sustaining treatment would artificially prolong the process of dying in a terminal condition or if the individual is in an irreversible coma and there is no reasonable expectation of recovery.

The advance directive becomes a legal document once the individual signs it and it is signed in front of the two required witnesses. The completed advance directive form does not need to be notarized, but it is advisable.

The advance directive form does not need to be filled out by a lawyer. The advance directive does not have an expiration date.

The individual can change or use his or her own words on an advance directive form or even create their own form; however, individual and witness signatures are still required.

Assessing cultural values and beliefs

It is translated into 26 languages. There is a cost associated with obtaining the document in an online or booklet format. The health care provider could utilize the online version of the Five Wishes as a discussion tool with the patient and family, and take the opportunity for the patient and family to fill out the form and have it printed and signed during the office visit.

The POLST are specific orders by the physician that indicate what type of life-sustaining treatment the individual wants, or does not want at the end of life. Key Points to Know About a Durable Power of Attorney for Health Care A durable power of attorney for health care is a legal document in which an individual designates a person to make medical decisions when the individual is incapacitated.

The designee can be a family member and more than one person can be designated, including a back-up person if the designee is not able to fulfill the role. In Washington State, the document does not need to be notarized or witnessed. However, it is advisable to have a lawyer prepare the document and notarize it.

The Washington State Medical Association provides information on advance planning, including forms available for download for advance directive, POLST, and for durable power of attorney for health care: The key in discussing advance directives is in the planning process.

The following are specific areas of concern: Lack of knowledge and understanding about advance directives. Distrust of the health care system. Trust issues between the patient and provider can cause discord, leading to non-compliance with treatment suggestions and unwillingness to complete an advance directive.

Acculturation refers to the process of adopting the cultural norms of the dominant culture, which in this case is how acculturated the individual is regarding American core values and beliefs relevant to end-of-life issues. A study of English-speaking Japanese Americans found that despite acculturation, many of the subjects retained some of their Japanese cultural values and beliefs influencing end-of-life care and decision-making process, such as a strong preference for the group surrogate decision-making model Matsumura et al.

Some Filipino Americans, although they may have lived in the U. When the family is the decision-maker on health care issues, this may include the discussion and decision around an advance directive.This paper explores spiritual and aesthetic cultural values associated with ecosystems.

We argue that these values are not best captured by instrumental or consequentialist thinking, and they are grounded in conceptions of nature that differ from the ecosystem services conceptual framework.

Executive Summary. Context matters when assessing a culture’s strategic effectiveness. Leaders must simultaneously consider culture styles and key organizational and market conditions if they. Cultural and spiritual health assessment S. Allen and A. Crouch Cultural health assessment Before we can explore appropriate mechanisms to assess the cultural explore some of the cultural beliefs, values and practices that may influ-ence the assessment .

OVERVIEW. The overall goal for the Quality and Safety Education for Nurses (QSEN) project is to meet the challenge of preparing future nurses who will have the knowledge, skills and attitudes (KSAs) necessary to continuously improve the quality and safety of .

Values vs Beliefs Knowing the difference between your beliefs and values can be a little confusing. People use both to guide their actions and behavior and to form their attitudes towards different things, but they are essentially different. but he should understand that every culture has their own values.

Assessing cultural values and beliefs

Some cultures even have some of. In ethics, value denotes the degree of importance of some thing or action, with the aim of determining what actions are best to do or what way is best to live (normative ethics), or to describe the significance of different systems are proscriptive and prescriptive beliefs, they affect ethical behavior of a person or are the basis of their intentional activities.

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