In this period, local military leaders used by the Zhou began to assert their power and vie for hegemony. The situation was aggravated by the invasion of other peoples from the northwest, such as the Qinforcing the Zhou to move their capital east to Luoyang. This marks the second major phase of the Zhou dynasty: The Spring and Autumn period is marked by a falling apart of the central Zhou power.
This dynasty was defined by four aspects; the location, technological advancements, society, and religion.
This civilization was in the Huang He River Valley. Consequently, the flooding of the river soon led to agricultural and irrigation technology. The river also caused the society and government to be strengthened. Walled cities began to form with extravagant upper classes and rulers.
With modernization came religion; oracle bones and ancestor worship became a large part of the Shang culture.
We also know that the Shang Dynasty was extremely advanced in their craftsmanship of bronze, jade, ceramic, and bone. The empire was molded by the Huang He River, which brought technology and cities, then religion and intellectual advancements.
The Huang He River was the heart of the Shang, and contributed greatly to their growth. As a result of the constant flooding of the river destroying crops, like many other ancient civilizations the Shang developed their own irrigation systems to use the flooding to their advantage.
Although the Shang Dynasty was not as advanced in irrigation as other civilizations of that time, there was sufficient growth that gave more leisure time and wealth to the people. As a result, their cities became more modernized.
Small villages became walled cities, class division occurred, and the use of oracle bones developed. They used oracle bones for records as well as religious purposes. Now that the Shang had modernized cities and society, their growth became exponential as inventions, philosophies, and trade increased.
They centralized government, built strong cities, and began the Chinese culture. Again, the Huang He River was essential in centralizing government. Without it, there would be no agriculture, which is the fundamental aspect of all ancient civilizations.
Once the social classes were intact, the rulers were more set apart from the rest of the people to give that distinction for the reputation and respect of the rulers.
Then the government became more centralized and the territory expanded. We know that the capital was changed at least six times, which solidifies the knowledge that substantial growth was made during this time period from Xia China.
Success allowed the people of the Shang Dynasty to develop their culture; starting traditions like oracle bone writing and ancestor worship that would stay with China for many years to come. Shang Metal Work With the basis of the empire set, the Shang Dynasty began to develop work in metallurgy.Labor surplus in rural areas is often regarded as one of the factors of internal migration in China.
such as when moving to a completely different culture or environment or if the destination labor market is hostile to immigrants". Ministry of Labor and Social Security and the All-China Federation of Trade Unions in Nov 07, · China’s Technology Ambitions Could Upset the Global Trade Order a new generation of deals that could give China a firmer grip on the technology of tomorrow.
ways that elude American and. The ancient Silk Road contributed greatly to the cultural exchange between China and the West. From the second century BC to the fifteenth century AD, splendid civilizations among China, India, Greece, Persia and Rome were exchanged along this famous trade route, making the route a great "Cultural Bridge" between Asia and Europe.
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Welcome. Chapter Questions. Essays and Projects. Important Documents How has the material in this chapter contributed to your understanding of the relationship between technology an the development of governments? How and why does the culture of Song China differ from the Chinese culture .
Cultural Diffusion & the Silk Route of Ancient China Cultural diffusion, or the spread of ideas and customs from one society to another, occurs in a variety of ways including migration, war and trade among diverse societies.
a. Busiest trade city in China. b. More centralized with the Office of Seafaring Affairs Agriculture benefited from new metalworking technology. b. China’s farmers were able to employ new and stronger iron plows American people also built great centers of trade and culture.
C. By , the Afro-Eurasian regional worlds were.