Executive summary term papers

Some college classes may require you to write executive summaries for your papers. These are short -- about words -- descriptions of the contents of the paper.

Executive summary term papers

Inthe Parliament Executive summary term papers Canada passed the Safe Streets and Communities Act[3] which changed a number of elements regarding the criminal justice system. The Act replaced the term "pardon" with "record suspension", [4] and the pardon system was similarly changed.

Federal agencies cannot give out information about the conviction without approval from the Minister of Public Safety Canada.

A pardon does not, however, erase the fact that an individual was convicted of a crime. The criminal record is not erased, but it is kept separate and apart from other non-pardoned criminal records. A pardon removes disqualifications caused by a criminal conviction, such as the ability to contract with the federal government, or eligibility for Canadian citizenship.

If an individual in receipt of a pardon is convicted of a new offence, the information may lead to a reactivation of the criminal record for which the pardon was received in CPIC.

A pardon does not guarantee entry or visa privileges to another country. Before travelling to another country, individuals must still contact the authorities of the country in question to find out what the requirements are to enter that country.

Processing of pardons by the Parole Board of Canada generally takes six months for a summary offence and 12 months for an indictable offence.

Executive summary term papers

If the Executive summary term papers Board proposes to deny the application, it can take 24 months to process. Non-Canadian citizens are not eligible for a Canadian pardon unless they were convicted of a crime in Canada.

To be eligible for a pardon or record suspension, individuals must have completed all of their sentences and a waiting period.

Individuals are considered to have completed all of their sentences if they have: Served all sentences of imprisonmentconditional sentencesincluding parole or statutory release Completed their probation order Prior tofollowing completion of all of their sentences, individuals must have completed a waiting period, as follows: Applications are also made to the National Parole Board, as in pardons, but clemency may involve the commutation of a sentence, or the remission of all or part of the sentence, a respite from the sentence for a medical condition or a relief from a prohibition e.

A pardon "only grants the remission or the commutation of the sentence; it does not remove the condition of having been condemned".

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The pardon may be either general, when it is granted to all those covered by a specific law passed by qualified quorum in National Congressor particular, when it is granted by Supreme Decree of the President of the Republic. He or she is not obliged to seek opinion or approval from other authorities, although, the granting of pardons is limited by the norms of Law No.

It is a prerogative of the President which is directly inherited from that of the Kings of France. The convicted person sends a request for pardon to the President of the Republic. If granted, the decree of pardon is signed by the President, the Prime Ministerthe Minister of Justice, and possibly other ministers involved in the consideration of the case.

Definition

It is not published in the Journal Officiel. The decree may spare the applicant from serving the balance of his or her sentence, or commute the sentence to a lesser one. It does not suppress the right for the victim of the crime to obtain compensation for the damages it suffered, and does not erase the condemnation from the criminal record.

When the death penalty was in force in France, all capital sentences resulted in a presidential review for a possible clemency. Executions were carried out if and only if the President rejected clemency, by signing a document on which it was written: The Parliament of Franceon occasions, grants amnesty.

Germany[ edit ] Similar to the United States, the right to grant pardon in Germany is divided between the federal and the state level. Federal jurisdiction in matters of criminal law is mostly restricted to appeals against decisions of state courts.

Only "political" crimes like treason or terrorism are tried on behalf of the federal government by the highest state courts. Accordingly, the category of persons eligible for a federal pardon is rather narrow.

The right to grant a federal pardon lies in the office of the President of Germanybut he or she can transfer this power to other persons, such as the chancellor or the minister of justice.

In earlythere was a widespread public discussion about the granting of pardons in Germany after convicted Red Army Faction terrorist Christian Klarwho was serving six consecutive sentences of life imprisonment, filed a petition for pardon.

For all other and therefore the vast majority of convicts, pardons are in the jurisdiction of the states. In some states it is granted by the respective cabinet, but in most states the state constitution vests the authority in the state prime minister.

As on the federal level, the authority may be transferred. Amnesty can be granted only by federal law. Hong Kong[ edit ] Prior to the Transfer of the sovereignty inthe power of pardon was a royal prerogative of mercy of the monarch of the United Kingdom.

Executive summary term papers

This was used and cited the most often in cases of inmates who had been given the death penalty: Since the Transfer, the Chief Executive of Hong Kong now exercises the power to grant pardons and commute penalties under section 12 of article 48 Basic Law of Hong Kong.

India[ edit ] Under the Constitution of India Article 72the President of India can grant a pardon or reduce the sentence of a convicted person, particularly in cases involving capital punishment.Executive Summary Executive Summary research papers discuss the short segment at the beginning of document, generally a business document, which summarizes the content.

Writing an executive summary is an important part of a business research paper. A pardon is a government decision to allow a person to be absolved of guilt for an alleged crime or other legal offense, as if the act never occurred.

The pardon may be granted before or after conviction for the crime, depending on the laws of the jurisdiction. Pardons can be granted in many countries when individuals are deemed to have demonstrated . McKinsey Global Institute Our mission is to help leaders in multiple sectors develop a deeper understanding of the global economy.

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This also includes the expected cost and benefits, anticipated risk that the company may encounter and the scope and limitations of the study.

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