How and why they differ is less clear and is the subject of the study of Individual differences IDs. Although to study individual differences seems to be to study variance, how are people different, it is also to study central tendency, how well can a person be described in terms of an overall within-person average.
Meaning of Individual Differences 2. Causes of Individual Differences 3. Meaning of Individual Differences: Dissimilarity is principle of nature. No two persons are alike. All the individuals differ from each other in many a respects.
Children born of the same parents and even the-twins are not alike. This differential psychology is linked with the study of individual differences. This change is seen in physical forms like in height, weight, colour, complexion strength etc.
Each man has an intellectual capacity through which he gains experience and learning. Every person has the emotions of love, anger, fear and feelings of pleasure and pain.
Every man has the need of independence, success and need for acceptance. Broadly individual difference may be classified into two categories such as inherited traits and acquired traits: There are various causes which are responsible in bringing individual differences. They are narrated below: Some heretical traits bring a change from one individual to other.
Intellectual differences are also to a great extent influenced by hereditary factor. Environment brings individual differences in behaviour, activities, attitude, and style of life characteristics.
Environment does not refer only physical surroundings but also it refers the different types of people, society, their culture, customs, traditions, social heritage, ideas and ideals.
Race and Nationality is one cause of individual difference. Indians are very peace loving, Chinese are cruel; Americans are very frank due to race and nationality.
Due to sex variation one individual differs from other. Men are strong in mental power. On the other hand women on the average show small superiority over men in memory, language and aesthetic sense. Women excel the men in shouldering social responsibilities and have a better control over their emotions.
Age is another factor which is responsible in bringing individual differences. Learning ability and adjustment capacity naturally grow with age. When one grows in age can acquire better control over our emotions and better social responsibilities.
When a child grows then this maturity and development goes side by side. Education is one major factor which brings individual differences. There is a wide gap in the behaviors of educated and uneducated persons. All traits of human beings like social, emotional and intellectual are controlled and modifies through proper education.
This education brings a change in our attitude, behaviour, appreciations, Personality. It is seen that uneducated persons are guided by their instinct and emotions where as the educated persons are guided by their reasoning power.
Educational Implications of Individual Differences: Educational implications of Individual differences are listed below: Aims of education, curriculum, method of teaching should be linked with individual differences considering the different abilities and traits individual.
Curriculum should be designed as per the interest, abilities and needs of different students.Psychological Research into Individual Differences in Attachment "An attachment is a close relationship between two persons, characterised by mutual affection and a desire to maintain proximity" (Schaffer ).
Individual differences in the perception of stimulation can be conceptualized as a function of sensory inhibition. The evoked potential measure of augmenting/ reducing supports this characterization on the basis of correlates with sensation-seeking behaviours, pain tolerance and vulnerability to psychopathology.
views psychopathology as being a product of the same learning processes that lead to normal behaviour.
avoid the terms abnormal and normal but rather use adaptive and maladaptive behaviours. involves three learning processes = classical conditioning, operant conditioning and social learning.
This differential psychology is linked with the study of individual differences. Wundt, Cattel, Kraepelin, Jastrow and Ebbing Haus are the exponents of differential psychology. This change is seen in physical forms like in height, weight, colour, complexion strength etc., difference in intelligence, achievement, interest, attitude, aptitude.
Individual Differences Channons University Essay Please Dont Delete Individual differences: Personality and Intelligence Assignment 1 word Essay Essay Topic: Describe Kelly’s personal construct theory of personality, and compare this approach with other psychological theories of personality. Individual Differences Channons University Essay Please Dont Delete.
Individual differences: Personality and Intelligence Assignment 1 word Essay Essay Topic: Describe Kelly’s personal construct theory of personality, and compare this approach with other psychological theories of personality.