Food products is the leading segment, accounting for 43 per cent of the overall market. Personal care 22 per cent and fabric care 12 per cent come next in terms of market share. Growing awareness, easier access, and changing lifestyles have been the key growth drivers for the sector. What are FMCG goods?
The Indian postal and telecom sectors are one of the worlds oldest.
Inthe first experimental electric telegraph line was started between Calcutta and Diamond Harbour. Init was opened for the use of the British East India Company.
The Posts and Telegraphs department occupied a small corner of the Public Works Department,  at that time. William Telecom industry in india essaywho pioneered the telegraph and telephone in India, belonged to the Public Works Department, and worked towards the development of telecom throughout this period.
A separate department was opened in when telegraph facilities were opened to the public. The permission was refused on the grounds that the establishment of telephones was a Government monopoly and that the Government itself would undertake the work.
Inthe Government later reversed its earlier decision and a licence was granted to the Oriental Telephone Company Limited of England for opening telephone exchanges at CalcuttaBombayMadras and Ahmedabad and the first formal telephone service was established in the country.
The exchange in Calcutta named the "Central Exchange" had a total of 93 subscribers in its early stage. Later that year, Bombay also witnessed the opening of a telephone exchange. Radio broadcasting was initiated in but became state responsibility only in In it was given the name All India Radio and since it has been called Akashvani.
The Ministry of Information and Broadcasting owned and maintained the audio-visual apparatus—including the television channel Doordarshan —in the country prior to the economic reforms of Inan autonomous body was established in the name of Prasar Bharti to take care of the public service broadcasting under the Prasar Bharti Act.
While all the major cities and towns in the country were linked with telephones during the British period, the total number of telephones in numbered only around 80, Post independence, growth remained slow because the telephone was seen more as a status symbol rather than being an instrument of utility.
The number of telephones grew leisurely toin2.
Liberalisation and privatisation[ edit ] A mobile phone tower in Leh, Ladakh, India, surrounded by Buddhist prayer flags Liberalisation of Indian telecommunication in industry started in when Prime Minister Indira Gandhi signed contracts with Alcatel CIT of France to merge with the state owned Telecom Company ITIin an effort to set up 5, lines per year.
But soon the policy was let down because of political opposition. Consequently, private investment in the sector of Value Added Services VAS was allowed and cellular telecom sector were opened up for competition from private investments.
It was during this period that the Narsimha Rao -led government introduced the National Telecommunications policy NTP in which brought changes in the following areas: The policy introduced the concept of telecommunication for all and its vision was to expand the telecommunication facilities to all the villages in India.
The multi-nationals were just involved in technology transfer, and not policy making. The Rao run government instead liberalised the local services, taking the opposite political parties into confidence and assuring foreign involvement in the long distance business after 5 years.
The country was divided into 20 telecommunication circles for basic telephony and 18 circles for mobile services. These circles were divided into category A, B and C depending on the value of the revenue in each circle.
The government threw open the bids to one private company per circle along with government owned DoT per circle. For cellular service two service providers were allowed per circle and a 15 years licence was given to each provider. The political powers changed in and the new government under the leadership of Atal Bihari Vajpayee was more pro-reforms and introduced better liberalisation policies.
Any dispute involving parties like licensor, licensee, service provider and consumers are resolved by TDSAT. Domestic business groups wanted the government to privatise VSNL.
After Marchthe government became more liberal in making policies and issuing licences to private operators. Because of all these factors, the service fees finally reduced and the call costs were cut greatly enabling every common middle-class family in India to afford a cell phone.
Nearly 32 million handsets were sold in India. The data reveals the real potential for growth of the Indian mobile market. In the initial 5—6 years the average monthly subscribers additions were around 0.India still ranks very low in terms of the enabling nature of its business environment and unnecessary regulatory burdens are imposed upon business and investors.
The objective of this paper is to evaluate the regulatory structure and status of regulation in India. india intelligence Stay up-to-date with regular industry insights through our blog, free analyst reports, industry-focused newsletters and e-mail alerts for the latest publications.
CUSTOMER ASSISTANCE. Indian Telecom Industry is the fastest growing and 5th largest in the world at million connections.
The subscriber base has grown by 40% in and has reached the expectations of million in Research India salaries by industry. View top salaries by industry.
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Free salary report matched. explores the uneven beginnings of FDI, in India and examines the developments (economic and political) relating to the trends in two sectors: Industry and Infrastructure and sub sector Telecom, to .
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